The Risks of Obesity During Pregnancy
A high body mass index (BMI) during pregnancy can have a big impact on your health and the health of your baby. A person is obese when the BMI is 30 or higher.
Having a high BMI can impair fertility by preventing regular ovulation. Even in women who ovulate regularly, the higher the BMI, the longer it may take to get pregnant. When the body mass index is high then there is a risk that in vitro fertilization (IVF) will be unsuccessful.
Obesity Increases the Risk of Various Pregnancy Complications
A high body mass index during pregnancy increases the risk of various pregnancy complications, including:
• Abortion, stillbirth and repeated abortion
• Gestational diabetes
• A complication of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure and signs of damage to an organ, most commonly the liver or kidneys
• Heart problems
• Sleep apnea
• The need for a C-section and the risk of C-section complications, such as wound infections.
The Impact of Overweight on Babies During Pregnancy
A high body mass index during pregnancy can cause various health problems for the baby, including:
• Congenital disorders
• Being significantly larger than average at birth (fetal macrosomia)
• Growth problems
• Childhood asthma
• Childhood obesity
• Cognitive problems and developmental delays
As you can see, a body mass index above 30 and higher during pregnancy can increase the risk of complications for you and your child. For this reason, it is necessary to consult with the doctor during the pregnancy process.